Life insurance is an essential part of financial planning that provides financial protection for loved ones in the event of an individual’s death. However, not all life insurance policies are created equally. In India, there are several types of life insurance policies, each with its own unique features and benefits. In this article, we shall explain the different types of life insurance policies available in India and help you understand which one may be right for you.
Types of Insurance Policies
Mainly there are two broad type on insurance – Participating and Non Participating. In participating, risk of investment and return is with the Insurer but in Non – Participating like ULIP, risk of investment and return is born by the Investor or Policy Holder. Participating plan offers Bonus on the basis of performance of Insurance Company.
The first type of life insurance policy in India is term life insurance. This is called Pure Insurance .This provides money on death only and no money on survival. It should be an integral part of financial planning. Term Insurance is also taken when one take a loan.
The second type is Endowment Insurance – which means guaranteed fulfilment of purpose of saving. Endowment Insurance gives sum assured plus accrued bonus on death as well as on survival. It can be taken as Saving Plan to meet different purpose like children Education, marriage and retirement.
Another variant of Endowment is money back insurance. This type of policy provides regular payments (money back) to the policyholder during the policy term and pays the death benefit upon the policyholder’s death. Money back policies are popular for providing a regular income stream for the policyholder during their lifetime.
The fourth type of life insurance policy in India is whole life insurance. This is akin property or legacy which is used by family after death. Classically whole life insurance offers sum assured plus bonus to nominee only after death and sum assured plus bonus is given to insured only on survival to age 100. There are many variants on whole life which builds a regular source of income to life insured and offers death cover to nominee till age 100.
The fifth type of life insurance policy in India is Unit Linked Insurance Plan (ULIP). This type of policy is similar to a mutual fund where a portion of the premium is invested in the market and the other portion is used to provide life cover. The value of the investment and the death benefit can fluctuate based on the performance of the underlying assets. ULIPs are often used as an investment tool and to provide lifelong coverage.
In conclusion, there are several different types of life insurance policies available in India, each with its own unique features and benefits. Term life insurance is the simplest and most affordable option and is often used to provide coverage for a specific need. Endowment, money back, whole life and Unit Linked Insurance Plan (ULIP) are also available, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. It’s important to consider your individual needs and goals when choosing a life insurance policy to ensure that you select the right coverage for you and your loved ones. It’s always a good idea to consult with a financial advisor or insurance agent to help determine the best option for you.
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